Biomass Strategy

OFTEC: ‘Sufficient HVO supplies exist for off-grid heat demand’

Trade human body says marketplace-backed trials of decrease carbon kerosene choice show the fuel can now be adequately expanded for off-grid attributes that are more durable to connect to heat pumps

Oil heating physique OFTEC argues there will be enough provides of biofuels such as Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO) to meet up with demand from customers to heat off-grid households.

The industry system mentioned that independent investigation it has commissioned reveals that plenty of HVO can be sourced for use in modified oil boilers in houses the place required along with technologies these types of as warmth pumps.

OFTEC told H&V News that it hoped to see consumers on off-grid houses provided a selection about different choices to transition away from standard heating oils these types of as kerosene in favour of considerably less carbon intensive fuels and technologies.

It stated: “We believe that in preference and it is for people to come to a decision if they want to transition to HVO or use a warmth pump.”

The remarks have been manufactured pursuing the publication this month of the UK’s Biomass Strategy that appeared at the likely for the marketplace to play in purpose in the decarbonisation of strength, transport and heat.

The strategy looked at the doable advantages and difficulties of applying HVO and bioLPG as selections to aid decarbonise residences.

It concluded that merchandise these kinds of as HVO were expected to have a minimal offer as a end result of broader demand for biofuels in vehicles. The gas is also envisioned to be extra pricey when compared to the price tag of kerosene at existing.

OFTEC has argued that marketplace funded trials wanting at the use of HVO heating that have been this year extended to about 150 different households and properties across the Uk has aided spotlight the likely for the fuel to be applied at a larger sized scale.

The trade group included: “The demonstration venture was really huge ranging with HVO properly utilised in a diverse character of houses and appliance forms including both of those boilers and an Aga. Residences, businesses, educational institutions, churches and village halls have been bundled also all across the Uk with distinct climates and colder climate.”

“The demonstration has also been jogging efficiently above a extensive interval of time: 3 winters. There was substantial regular testing and technician visits and no difficulties discovered. We’re confident we’re now ready to roll out at scale.”

The industry’s drive to attain governing administration assistance for employing HVO in some role in nationwide heating plans has been backed by Conservative MP George Eustice. Mr Eustice has claimed that HVO was a biofuel that can provided a more economical option to assist start out to decarbonise off-grid properties.

At current, the authorities has committed to scaling up the use of warmth pumps that would also contain use in off-grid homes.

The Conservative MP has tabled two amendments to the Strength Bill presently less than assessment in Parliament to allow for for HVO to be applied as a reduced carbon choice.

OFTEC additional that these amendments had been an vital mechanism to try and construct guidance for backing some purpose for HVO and biofuels in the swap to decrease carbon heating answers.

It also cited the the latest Biomass method as recognising HVO as a possible low carbon answer.

The trade team stated: “There is a rising pounds of view that instead than one particular technologies, a array of options is essential.”

The government Biomass Strategy noted that HVO was a likely convenient solution that would only have to have small modifications to current oil boilers to use. This technologies could aid decarbonise some off-grid households that could be more challenging to install warmth pumps in, the conclusions mentioned.

The method mentioned, “However, HVO is not presently available to heat shoppers on a industrial foundation, and the govt understands that the current price of heating a assets with HVO would be drastically more pricey than the value of heating a home with kerosene.”

The Biomass Approach also queried no matter if a consistent supply of HVO could be confirmed to meet demand both of those for heating, as well as to offer biofuels used in other sectors such as transportation.

The document claimed: “We have been working with associates of the heating oil field, and liquified petroleum fuel (LPG) industry, to begin building the evidence on the likely to scale up generation of renewable liquid fuels these kinds of as HVO and bioLPG, respectively, constant with incredibly very low levels of carbon emissions for use in warmth.”

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UK Biomass Strategy considers sector’s off-grid heat potential

Doc identifies possible role for biomass and biofuels as a source of lower carbon heat in particular off-grid houses a lot less suited for heat pumps – if offer and air high quality challenges can be dealt with

The Uk govt has posted its new Biomass System.

The doc sets out the opportunity purpose for biofuels and biomass as the region aims to meet up with its 2050 web zero emissions target and appears to be like at their programs for their use to give very low-carbon electricity throughout a array of sectors, which include heat, transport, and electricity.

It also sets out a range of problems that require to be dealt with in order to scale up the use of biomass in a sustainable way. This would include looking at the enhancement of carbon capture systems as a implies to offset the environmental impacts in which biomass and biofuels simply cannot be decarbonised fully.

The report performs up the great importance of establishing bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) remedies to lower greenhouse gas emissions generated from biomass.

BECCS captures the carbon dioxide introduced when biomass is burned and stores it underground. The biomass strategy recognises that this system can assist to lower greenhouse gas emissions from biomass by up to 90 for every cent.

Biomass can also be applied instantly as a feedstock for reduced carbon hydrogen by means of reformation, gasification, or pyrolysis systems, and if carbon capture and storage is extra this can provide adverse emissions.

Another challenge recognized in the conclusions is the scaling up of domestic biomass source with out compromising foods stability.

From the viewpoint of warmth, the system observed that the use of biomass for warmth era experienced greater in current several years as component of a broader shift to employing possibilities to right use fossil fuels such as natural fuel or oil.  The vast majority of warmth manufactured from biomass methods in 2022 was generated from wood, squander wooden and plant biomass.  This accounted for 89 per cent of warmth created that yr.

Heat pumps have been identified in the technique as currently being a vital engineering to decarbonise homes via the electrification of heating demand. This conclusion mirrors the tips of the UK’s Heat and Buildings Method that was released in 2021 and essential policy released by devolved governments.

Nevertheless, the strategy observed that there was possible to use biomass in some variety for heating homes that were more durable to decarbonise.

It said: “Biomass will likely have a position in heating in sure houses these types of as off-gas grid residences that are not easily acceptable for heat pumps, and the place appropriate mitigations can be set in location to minimise air high-quality impacts. The governing administration is considering a array of solutions to decarbonise these sorts of properties.”

A different vital application for biomass use discussed in the technique for industrial procedures these as substantial temperature heating. The doc mentioned that industrial use of biomass must be prioritised alongside utilizing carbon seize and storage solutions this sort of as BECCS. It additional: “In the absence of feasible BECCS infrastructure, we will carry on to assistance biomass use in marketplace wherever limited lower carbon alternate options are accessible.”

HVO and biofuels

The system also features steps to assistance the advancement of Renewable Liquid Gases (RLGs), which are viewed as a prospective small-carbon heating choice for off-grid residences.

Proponents of liquid fuel solutions argue that they are rather easy to retail outlet and transportation, even though  offering a extra convenient option for changing existing systems that could possibly operate on oil products and solutions these types of as kerosene.

The liquid fuels sector has been self-funding trials of renewable liquid fuels such as Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO) and bio-liquified petroleum gas (bioLPG) as a implies of replacing kerosene boilers in off-grid properties.

Nevertheless, the biomass method said it was not clear at existing what volume of feedstocks would be available to produce these fuels.

The document mentioned: “We count on them to be restricted in source and in higher demand from customers from other sectors like transport. Nevertheless, we have been operating with representatives of the heating oil field, and liquified petroleum gas (LPG) sector, to get started making the proof on the possible to scale up manufacturing of renewable liquid fuels this kind of as HVO and bioLPG, respectively, steady with pretty minimal ranges of carbon emissions for use in warmth.”

HVO was determined in the approach as a perhaps easy route to decarbonise heat in some off-grid properties that would only require to make small modifications to present boilers.

The document stated: “However, HVO is not currently available to heat consumers on a industrial basis, and the government understands that the recent price tag of heating a residence with HVO would be drastically much more high-priced than the cost of heating a home with kerosene.”

The inclusion of answers these types of as HVO in the Biomass Technique was praised by some market bodies that have been pushing the opportunity of these fuels to heat residences.

George Webb, chief executive of the Liquid Gasoline British isles trade team, welcomed some of the conclusions in the approach about using biomass together with systems such as heat pumps as section of a combined technological know-how technique for off-grid properties.

He stated: “Liquid gases are a thoroughly clean, successful and affordable renewable gasoline that can play a major job in decarbonising the UK’s energy sector. We are presently seeing potent need for liquid gases from businesses and homeowners throughout the British isles, and this final decision will only enable to accelerate the expansion of this current market.”

Mr Webb claimed there was important recognition in the doc that liquid gasoline can be employed to assist the UK’s internet zero changeover.

He also named on the governing administration to present even further assistance for the growth of RLGs, such as fiscal incentives and regulatory certainty. He said: “The governing administration requirements to do additional to guidance the enhancement of RLGs if we are to make them a viable option for all off-grid properties.”


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