RAC Magazine F-Gas Question Time

F-gas reform proposals “incredibly challenging” for heat pump expansion

Current panel discussion on reforms to present refrigerant legislation warns the proposed amendments possibility undermining European heat pump installation targets

Heat pump demand from customers need to be adequately viewed as within plans to overhaul refrigeration laws that is under thing to consider by EU authorities, plan specialists warn.

The problems about the likelihood of a ‘challenging’ 10 years for making certain sufficient provides of refrigerant are obtainable for minimal carbon heating and cooling have been amongst the talking points of the 2023 F-fuel Issue Time function hosted by our sister title RAC Magazine this 7 days.

The on-line function read that the F-Gas regulations in the two EU and Uk law have customarily been applied to control the stages of refrigerant available on the current market to  set up and support cooling techniques this sort of as air conditioning units.  This similar source of refrigerants will also now be necessary to offer and service a escalating quantity of heat pump systems.

Ideas to broaden heat pump use drastically throughout the EU and Uk are getting carried out at the exact time that discussions are underway about decreasing quotas of HFC refrigerant permitted on the market place in excess of the future ten years.

The proposals less than consideration to reform the legislation would accelerate the phasedown of industry offered refrigerants and have a notable affect on the decarbonisation ambitions of the heating sector, the F-Gasoline Concern Time function heard.

Consultant Ray Gluckman, who was among the qualified speakers for the celebration, stated that reform proposals under discussion by European authorities aim to introduce stricter quota phasedowns and marketplace constraints on sure refrigerants. These stricter necessities would pose a obstacle for warmth pump installers in their current sort, he reported.

HVAC trade bodies have in the latest months been calling for a rethink of the F-fuel proposals to be certain that there is sufficient availability of HFC refrigerants to meet up with the put together requires of heating and cooling methods.  These trade groups argue that the closing regulation ought to ensure the sector has ample preparation time and instruction chances to shift the sector toward employing different gases in warmth and cooling systems up to the mid 2030s at scale.

Mr Gluckman claimed that a single major consideration was no matter whether the sums utilized to design predictions in the European proposals have been correct about the scale of demand from customers and ability to services warmth pumps with the readily available refrigerant.

He stated: “Will there be adequate HFCs accessible for servicing the current inventory of tools and to put in the rising stock of products in Europe.  Of course, a important challenge is warmth pumps.”

Equally the EU and United kingdom have set out organization commitments to scale up warmth pump use as a critical know-how to decarbonise its buildings and the go absent from fossil fuels these as purely natural gas and liquid fuels this kind of as kerosene.

Warmth pumps were discovered by Mr Gluckman as a crucial engineering for a vary of functions. These would notably involve heating for residential and industrial structures, as properly as lessen temperature industrial heat desire.

He claimed: “Heat pumps are the logical point to go for, so we will see huge expansion in the amount of warmth pumps in Europe. The query is what refrigerants are they likely to use?”

Need across Europe for heat pumps has also been turbo billed by responses to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the ensuing strategies these kinds of as the REPowerEU prepare that aims to install 30 million heat pumps throughout the region by 2030.

Mr Gluckman explained that modelling he has made about the proposed revisions to the F-Fuel Regulation and their affect on the sector could see substantial troubles for a number of several years in conference warmth pump set up targets.

He stated: “My modelling of the EU marketplace implies that the proposed phasedown is going to be exceptionally challenging up to all over the early 2030s.”

“After that, technologies will have caught up and I can envisage the type of ambition that the commission had proposed. But I’m quite worried about those 8 to ten many years.”

You can see the whole 2023 RAC Journal Journal F-Gas Dilemma Time, which was sponsored by Chemours, in the player under.


Resource backlink

Draft F-Gas reforms pose huge challenge for EU heat pump ambitions

This week’s F-Gas Concern Time looked at how stricter ambitions to stage down HFC refrigerant use could influence the industry’s skill to install warmth pumps at an enhanced amount

Current proposals to introduce sticker F-Gas laws quotas on the amount and form of refrigerant permitted on the European industry dangers probably undermining warmth decarbonisation, an field debate has heard.

The 2022 F-Gas Dilemma Time, which was hosted on the web by H&V News’ sister title RAC Magazine on Could 24, reported first reform options would put sizeable provide pressures on HFC refrigerant offered for current techniques. These pressures could also develop important worries for encouraging warmth pump adoption in Europe that will also call for a reliable offer of refrigerant in line with F-Fuel limitations.

The most up-to-date Concern Time read from specialists about present-day progress underneath the proposals to extra to reduce GWP refrigerant for uses such as cooling and heating.

You can enjoy the entire Query Time occasion in the player underneath:


The party, sponsored this 12 months by Chemours, has been hosted by the magazine for over ten a long time to contemplate the performance of the flagship European regulation and how it is impacting the RACHP field.

H&V Information editor Andrew Gaved mentioned the most up-to-date Question Time was being held as the European Fee is trying to find opinions on controversial revisions to its quota process and timetable.  These amendments – if handed in their latest form – would imply considerably fewer HFC is available from the finish of the decade for the RACHP.  This would travel a need to have for bigger use of refrigerants with one of a kind dealing with necessities and methods and installers in a position to properly manage them

At existing, the present regulation imposed into each British isles and EU law demands by 2030 that the availability of HFCs on the current market is cut to 79 per cent of 2015 levels.  The most up-to-date European Fee proposals would see this amount of money reduce to 95 for each cent over the same timeline if introduced.

Consultant Ray Gluckman explained to the Concern Time viewers that the regulation reforms would complicate ambitions in each Europe and the United kingdom to decarbonise room heating.

He stated, “One of the most essential applications, and a really fascinating instrument as significantly as our sector is involved, is that we are heading to use heat pumps to do that.  But we have to install all those people heat pumps and that will take a large amount of new gasoline likely into the equipment.”

The scale of this challenge has been further amplified by the publication this month by the European Commission of the REPowerEU Program in reaction to problems about the amounts of fossil fuel fuel provided to Europe from Russia right after its invasion of Ukraine, Mr Gluckman included.

The system commits to ramp up warmth pump use across the EU by 2030 to minimize demand from customers for fossil fuel heat in marketplaces such as Germany.

The Environmental Investigation Company (EIA) mentioned prior to this year’s Issue Time that the European Fee proposals for revising F-Fuel legislation ought to go additional and thrust for a whole ban on any tools these types of as heat pumps built to use any HFCs.

Clare Perry, climate campaigns chief for the EIA, argued at the time that ambitions for expanding warmth pump installations should really not guide to an boost in HFC use when decrease GWP alternatives have been readily available.

For the duration of a panel discussion at this year’s F-Fuel Problem Time, gurus have been asked regardless of whether they were fear mongering about the impacts of the proposals in a similar method to worries lifted about the introduction of the initial F-Fuel commitments a 10 years ago.  This was notably the circumstance with regards to ambitions to move to even reduced GWP fuel items that will introduce greater ranges of flammability, stress or toxicity in their managing specifications.

Mr Gluckman reported in response that the field did want to go to units that properly assistance reduce GWP systems, but the industry also experienced to shift to greater flammability products such as propane refrigerant with warning.

He claimed, “The time presented to transfer an field, for instance, to propane, it seems completely wrong.”

Other members of the panel said that there had been important coaching issues, along with study and improvement and enough regulation wanted to make certain units can be installed and maintained to operate at an successful level with decreased GWP refrigerant at a mass scale.

Mark Woods, controlling director of facilities administration professional Arcus FM, said in the course of the discussion that upskilling was as similarly essential as maker R&D to make certain sector was prepared to go in higher figures in the direction of nevertheless another technology of refrigerants.

He explained, “The significant enterprises, the big contractors, those that are affiliated with trade associations will be professional.  But we have a enormous tail in the sector that even now has not caught up with the past regulation adjustments.”

A failure to the right way introduce a approach of making sure competence for handling reduced GWP refrigerants these as hydrocarbons risked undermining their safe and sound and productive use, the panel extra.

Resource hyperlink