PFAS ban would render systems unsafe

GERMANY: A top European refrigeration analysis council statements that the harmless, successful and trouble-absolutely free operation of RACHP devices is not possible without having the use of PFAS-that contains products.

In February, a team of 5 European states – Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and Denmark – proposed a ban on PFAS substances less than a definition that would incorporate useful all HFC and HFO refrigerants. All those proposals are at this time remaining assessed by the European Chemical Affiliation. 

Forschungsrats Kältetechnik eV (FKT), the German Analysis Council for Refrigeration Know-how, reveals that, in addition to minimal gap refrigerants, a ban would prohibit the use of a number of important refrigeration factors, which include crucial gaskets and other sealing devices, electrical and electronic factors, and have on-resistant coatings. 

The Frankfurt-dependent FKT encourages technical and scientific exploration in refrigeration and heat pump technological know-how, which, it insists, has been geared in direction of the environmentally welcoming advancement of merchandise and answers in phrases of product use, generation processes and power effectiveness for several yrs.


While supporting the purpose of better safety of folks and the natural environment from the risks posed by chemical substances, the FKT insists a basic ban on the overall PFAS team of substances would have comprehensive results on mechanical engineering and so also on refrigeration and warmth pump engineering.

A lot of elements and coatings for factors in refrigeration and heat pump techniques are made from elements made up of PTFE, a fluorinated polymer belonging to a subgroup of PFAS.

PTFE is widely employed because of to its abilities to be able to satisfy substantial calls for on have on resistance, chemical resistance, temperature resistance, dimensional security even at reduced temperatures as well as stress and temperature fluctuations, lower gas permeability and reduced electrical conductivity.

Exclusively, bearings, thrust washers and dynamically stressed shaft bushings are manufactured of PTFE resources, which guarantee that the parts are optimally sealed from the environment, eg to prevent leakage of the refrigerant ammonia.

The electrical windings of motors for refrigerant compressors, refrigerant pumps and manage valves are also frequently protected with fluorine-containing coatings. Sensors as very well as digital controls and components are used everywhere in the refrigeration and heat pump devices, the function and sturdiness of which only enable electricity-economical operation via the use of PFAS-that contains materials.

The excellent sliding houses of PTFE-coated surfaces also empower small energy intake, while the improved don resistance of the PFAS materials allows the functionality of factors, makes sure their longevity and significantly cuts down the energy for routine maintenance and repairs, FKT suggests

Ring and flat gaskets as well as packings and other sealing techniques are manufactured of PTFE or FKM-dependent content combinations (FKM is a copolymer manufactured of extremely fluorinated hydrocarbon) and other fluoroelastomers to be certain that valves can reliably shut off, control and carry out the safety functions at various details in devices.

The FKT maintains that a lot of of the components, like lead, which were being utilised prior to 1950 are possibly no longer permitted or are no lengthier suited for recent security requirements owing to the superior leakage charge and other challenges.

“Alternative elements to the PFAS-that contains elements utilized currently are not but available owing to the specially substantial requirements,” the FKT says in a situation assertion. “The search for solutions and proof of their suitability can acquire a long time and would have to be confirmed by intensive laboratory checks and subsequent industry assessments in follow.”

The users of the FKT insist that “the safe and functionally trouble-free of charge operation of refrigeration and heat pump programs is not feasible with out the use of PFAS-made up of materials”.

It adds: “Refrigeration and air conditioning engineering is made use of in lots of significant infrastructures. These are eg hospitals, information centres, industrial and electrical power vegetation as perfectly as the entire chilly chain of foodstuff. An interruption or the full failure of refrigeration and air conditioning methods in these vital infrastructures would have lethal outcomes on all spots of social life.”

Related stories:

PFAS ban considers affect on warmth pumps7 February 2023
EUROPE: A range of HFC refrigerants and minimal GWP HFO alternatives could be banned underneath new PFAS chemical restrictions proposed to the European Chemical substances Company (ECHA). Study more…

PFAS refrigerant ban could affect EU inexperienced aims – 4 January 2023
EUROPE: The chemical marketplace claims that proposals to ban specified refrigerants as PFAS substances under the European Achieve regulations could compromise EU Inexperienced Deal and REPowerEU goals. Read more…

HFC/HFO ban would have “major consequences” – 20 September 2021
NETHERLANDS: The Dutch association symbolizing 400 refrigeration and air conditioning organizations has hit out at its own country’s proposals which could ban HFCs and HFOs below a new Achieve regulation. Read more…

Attain proposals could strike HFC and HFO refrigerants – 21 July 2021
EUROPE: Even though Europe carries on with the HFC refrigerant section down, new proposals to be set prior to the Fee could see even more limitations or even bans on HFCs and HFOs. Read more…

Get to proposal is unclear – 23 July 2021
EUROPE: The European chemical trade affiliation, CEFIC, has admitted that it is unclear what HFC and HFO refrigerants are included in the new Get to regulation proposals. Read more…

Refrigerants under threat from new PFAS proposals – 15 July 2020
EUROPE: Proposals to prohibit the use of PFAS – a range of chemicals risky to health – could even more affect the use of HFC and HFO refrigerants in Europe. Read more…

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