UK must step up in heat pump race

Uk: The entire body guiding the Microgeneration Certification Plan is contacting on the government to make warmth pumps a precedence soon after a new report compares it unfavourably with European neighbour France.

In its report – Heat pump rollout in France and the British isles: a comparative evaluation – the MCS Charitable Foundation statements that the British isles ought to realize a 10-fold enhance in deployment in just 5 decades to catch up with exactly where France is at now.  

France offered 621,000 warmth pumps previous calendar year, saving 15.6Mt of CO2 emissions, when the United kingdom sold just 55,000 heat pumps, conserving1.5Mt of CO2 emissions, and had the lowest installation amount of 21 European countries.   

“The Uk government has set a goal of putting in 600,000 heat pumps a year by 2028, which means they must accomplish a ten-fold boost in deployment in five many years to capture up with where France is at now,” the report claims.

The MCS Charitable Basis oversees the Microgeneration Certification Plan (MCS) which defines, maintains and increases good quality requirements for renewable power at buildings scale.

The new report assesses why the United kingdom is lagging powering targets and sets out lessons the governing administration need to discover from France if it is to fulfill local weather transform objectives. 


It highlights how the French government seized prospects when there was disruption in world-wide electrical power markets to refocus consideration away from gas and oil onto electrifying heat. In addition, France has experienced power effectiveness specifications for new-establish properties for more than a ten years that have accelerated warmth pump deployment, and strength performance has been a political priority across distinctive political events. 

In 2019, Emmanuel Macron’s government released money incentives that observed a near-doubling of air-to-water heat pump installations inside a year, building on previous incentive schemes. As a consequence of sustained help for warmth pumps, France had more than 30,000 comprehensive time work in the heat pump market in 2019, and elevated from 100,000 sales in 2010 to about 600,000 income by 2022.  

By contrast, in the United kingdom in 2019, immediately after many years of stop-start off policies and inadequate funding, delays in laws for new houses, and inadequate customer info, there had been only 2,000 positions supported by the heat pump business, and only a tenth of the amount of warmth pump installations seen in France. 

Whilst the United kingdom is now commencing to scale up warmth pump deployment, but rather than a gradual increase in heat pump figures, as France has accomplished around 15 decades, the report states, the Uk authorities must now initiate an exponential increase in the warmth pump industry. 

The level of growth the United kingdom ought to attain would be unparalleled, but could produce as a lot of as 50,000 new work opportunities as properly as chopping electrical power bills and carbon, the MCS Charitable Basis argues.


The charity is contacting for the Authorities to immediately commit to earning heat pumps required for all new houses, scaling up and extending grants for owners to put in warmth pumps and introducing new loan techniques, and a substantial shopper recognition marketing campaign to assistance folks obtain funding.  

“Heat pumps are an very economical technology for cutting carbon and costs, but the United kingdom has so considerably not capitalised on their probable. With other international locations these types of as France surging forward, the race is on for the Uk to phase up,” mentioned MCS Charitable Basis director of external affairs David Cowdrey.

“The government’s Boiler Enhance Scheme and zero-rated VAT on warmth pumps have served set the Uk toward climbing installations. But we require a much a lot more in depth established of coverage actions to fulfill the government’s targets, like mandating photo voltaic and heat pumps for all new construct properties, to assistance make the tens of thousands of careers we know a flourishing warmth pump marketplace can assistance.”  

Commenting on the disparity between the French and British isles warmth pump marketplaces, the Heat Pump Association’s main government Charlotte Lee claimed: “This report compellingly demonstrates this is due to apparent and decisive coverage by the French governing administration in particularly the exact areas the British isles warmth pump marketplace has advocated for yrs. Demanding new-build standards, grants that make consumers’ preference for warmth pumps compelling, minimal electric power prices, the making of the installer base, and the phase-out of fossil fuel boilers have been important contributors to France’s good results. 

“There is nonetheless time to meet up with the United kingdom government’s target of 600,000 warmth pumps mounted on a yearly basis by 2028, but to do so identical swift and decisive action to France is desired – implementation of the Future Homes and Structures Expectations in 2025, environment of distinct dates to finish the sale of new fossil fuel boilers, lessening energy rates and bettering installer instruction and criteria across the whole heating sector.” 

Dr Jan Rosenow, director of European programmes at the Regulatory Support Task, additional: “Leading heat pump markets all-around the entire world have a single factor in common: a stable and distinct coverage and regulatory landscape. If the policy offer is correct, purchaser demand and industry expense follows as practical experience from other nations around the world displays very evidently. The British isles can be a world-wide chief on clean up heating but this involves extensive-expression procedures to push customer demand and source chain expansion.”

The report can be viewed and dowloaded below.

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